The Engadine is a valley in the Swiss canton of Grisons. It is one of the highest inhabited valleys in Europe and more convenient than 80 km long . The Engadine forms the upper section of the valley of the River Inn and is divided into the Upper and the Lower Engadine . The two sections of the mountain valley are separated by the Punt Ota in Brail .
The Upper Engadine is a flat , 1600-1800 m high valley dominated by lakes ( Engadine lakes : Lake Sils , Silvaplana , Lej da Champfèr and St. Moritz ) , from pine and larch forests , as well , especially in the side valleys , glaciers . Due to the high altitude has bottomed high Montanes to subalpine climate and is one of the winterkältesten landscapes of the Alps . The meadows in the valley are surrounded by only moderately steep mountain slopes , towering over the usually more rugged snow-capped peaks . Are coniferous forests and alpine meadows extend over to the shady slopes in the south ; the horizontal boundary line is clearly visible. The Upper Engadine is connected through the Bernina Pass to the Puschlav and by the Maloja Pass to the Bergell ; connect it to the north of the Julier Pass to the Oberhalbstein and the Albula Pass to the Albula valley . The northeastern part of the Upper Engadine towards Lower Engadine called La Plaiv .
Story of the Engadin
The Upper Engadine had his own count . Count Dedalrich sold in 1139 his country to the bishopric of Chur , from which in 1494 the Upper Engadine free bought . In the Lower Engadine often crisscross rule and Lehnrechte the owner led to long feuds . In the Bündner turmoil the Engadin was devastated by the Austrians in 1622 and assigned to the same, but returned to Grisons already in the following year . The last Austrian possession was Tarasp , who came to Grisons 1815th
The only winter secure connections to the north are the rail tunnel of the Rhaetian Railway . Was it on the existing for over 100 years Albula Railway in winter daily basis cause interruptions which opened in 1999 Vereina tunnel is safe for winter Prättigau . The existing road crossings of Flüela and Albula Pass are closed during the winter months ; the Julier Pass can be ensured throughout the year except in snowy winters .